History Blog

February 21

Happy Birthday RIP Clara “Ann” Sheridan(1915–1967) Eunice Waymon(“Nina Simone” 1933–2003) Eddi-Rue McClanahan(1934–2010) Alan Rickman(1946–2016) ; David Geffen–81 Anthony Daniels–78 Ellen Tyne Daly–78 Christine Ebersole–71 Allen Kelsey Grammer–69 John “Jack” Coleman–66 Christopher Atkins Bomann–63 William “Billy” Baldwin–61 Jennifer Love Hewitt–45 Brendan Sexton III–44 Elliot Philpotts-Page–37 Tuppence Middleton–37 Sophie Turner–28 ; 1878 – The first telephone directory was issued, by the District Telephone Co. of New Haven, Connecticut ; 1925 – The New Yorker publishes its first issue

February 20

Happy Birthday RIP Ansel Adams (1902–1984) Kurt Cobain (1967–1994) Robert Altman (1925–2006) John W. Geils Jr(1946–2017) Gloria Vanderbilt (1924–2019) Sir Sidney Poitier(1927–2022) ; Sandra “Sandy” Duncan–78 Patricia Hearst–70 Cynthia “Cindy” Crawford–58 Lili Taylor–57 Calpernia Addams–53 Brian Littrell–49 Trevor Noah–40 Robyn Rihanna Fenty–36 ; 1792 – The Postal Service Act, establishing the United States Post Office Department, is signed by President George Washington

February 19

Happy Birthday RIP Lamont “Lee” Marvin Jr(1924–1987) Johann “Falco” Hölzel (1957–1998) ; William “Smokey” Robinson Jr–84 Jeffrey Daniels–69 Raymond Winstone–67 Prince Andrew Windsor, Duke of York–64 Henry “Seal” Samuel–61 Justine Bateman–58 Benicio del Toro Sánchez–57 Haylie Duff–39 ; 1878 – Thomas Edison received a patent for his phonograph ; 1963 – The publication of Betty Friedan’s The Feminine Mystique book is released. It reawakens the Feminist Movement in the United States. NOW was organized in 1966 with 30 women from different backgrounds; Friedan was one of them, and helped draft the founding statement of NOW. The statement called for “the true equality for all women”.

February 18

Happy Birthday RIP William “Bill” Cullen(1920–1990) John Hughes Jr(1950–2009) “Jack Palance”(Volodymyr Palahniuk 1919–2006) George Kennedy(1925–2016) Jan “Milos” Forman(1832–2018) ; Yoko Ono( 小野 洋子)–91 Cybill Shepherd–74 Judy “Juice” Newton–72 John Travolta–70 Vanna White(Rosich)–67 Matthew Dillon–60 Andre “Dr Dre” Young–59 Molly Ringwald–56 Jacqueline Toboni– 32 ; 1885 – Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain is published in the United States ; 1954 – The first Church of Scientology is established in Los Angeles by L Ron Hubbard as a cover for tax evasion. It is based on a fictitious book. It isn’t a religion and it has turned into a cult. Famous people such as John Travolta, Tom Cruise, Kirstie Alley and Giovanni Ribisi are members. The scam still exists for actors to get into Hollywood with signed NDAs that basically keep them silent. One exception is Leah Ramini who escaped and told the story of this cult.

February 17

Happy Birthday RIP Mary Ann Mobley(1937–2014) John Barry Humphries(“Dame Edna” 1934–2023) ; Rene Russo–70 Richard Karn–68 Lou Diamond Phillips(Upchurch)–62 Michael Jordan–61 Denise Richards–53 Jeremiah “Jerry” O’Connell–50 Joseph Gordon-Levitt–43 Paris Hilton–43 Chord Overstreet–35 ; 1819 – The United States House of Representatives passes the Missouri Compromise ; 1933 – Newsweek magazine was first published and sold to consumers at news stands across the country

February 16

Happy Birthday RIP Edgar John Bergen(1903–1978) Eugene Hugh Beaumont(1909–1982) Salvatore “Sonny” Bono(1935–1998) James Ingram(1952–2019) Lisa Loring(DeCinces 1958–2023) ; William Katt–73 Janice Dickinson–69 Levardis “LeVar” Burton Jr–67 Tracy Marrow(Ice T)–66 John McEnroe–65 Christopher Eccleston–60 Sarah Clarke–52 John Tartaglia–46 Elizabeth Olsen–35 ; 1968 – The nation’s first 911 emergency telephone system was inaugurated in Haleyville, Alabama

February 15

Happy Birthday RIP Cesar Romero Jr(1907–1994) Christopher Farley(1964–1997) Harvey Korman(1927–2008) ; Melissa Manchester–73 Joyce Frankenberg(“Jane Seymour”)–73 Matthew Groening–70 Christopher McDonald–69 Jane Richman(“Jane Child”)–57 Alexandrea “Alex” Borstein–53 ; 1764 – The city of St. Louis Missouri was established and incorporated ; 1985 – The iconic movie “Breakfast Club” was released and became a legendary cult film documenting five high school student stereotypes

February 14

Happy Birthday RIP “Jack Benny”(Benjamin Kubelsky 1894–1974) Edward Platt(1916–1974) Victor Morrow(Morozoff 1929–1982) Gregory Hines(1946–2003) Florence Henderson(1934–2016) Hugh Downs(1920–2020) ; Michael Bloomberg–82 Raymond Teller–76 Alan Hunter–67 “Meg Tilly”(Margaret Chan)–64 Simon Beckingham(“Pegg”)–54 Alfred “Freddie” Highmore–32 ; 1849 – In New York City, James Knox Polkbecomes the first serving President of the United States to have his photograph taken. ; 1991– Silence of the Lambs opens and later is first thriller/horror film to win “big five” Oscars: Best Picture, Best Actor in a Leading Role(Anthony Hopkins), Best Actress in a Leading Role(Jodie Foster), Best Director(Jonathan Demme), Best Screenplay(Ted Tally)

February 13

Happy Birthday RIP “Tennessee” Ernest Ford(1919–1991) Brigadier General Charles “Chuck” Yeager(1923–2020) George Segal Jr(1934–2021) Gerald “Jerry” Springer(1944–2023); Marilyn “Kim” Novak–91 “Stockard Channing”(Susan Stockard)–80 Peter Gabriel–74 Neal McDonough–58 Robert “Robbie” Williams–50 Mena Süvari–45 Daniel Portman–32 ; 1960 – Black college students stage the first of the Nashville sit-ins at three lunch counters in Nashville, Tennessee.

February 12

Happy Birthday RIP Charles Darwin(1809–1882) Abraham Lincoln(1809–1865) Forrest Tucker(1919–1986) Lyon “Lorne” Greene(1915–1987) “Franco Zeffirelli”(Gianfranco Corsi 1923–2019) ; Joe Don Baker–88 Judith Blume(Sussman)–86 Frederick “Michael” Ironside–74 Michael McDonald–72 Joanna Kerns(DeVarona)–71 James “Zach” Grenier–70 Arsenio Hall–68 Josh Brolin–56 Darren Aronofsky–55 Jesse Spencer–45 Enver Gjokaj –44 Christina Ricci–44 ; 1909 – The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was founded in New York ; 1963 – Construction begins on the Gateway Arch in St. Louis Missouri