History Blog

June 21

Happy Birthday RIP Ernestine Jane Russell(1921–2011) Lois Maureen Stapleton(1925–2006) ; Bernard “Bernie” Kopell–88 Monty Markham–86 Ronald Ely–83 Mary Loretta “Mariette” Hartley–81 Raymond Davies–77 Meredith Baxter–74 Michael Gross–74 Douglas Savant–57 Lana Wachowski–56 James Breuer–54 Juliette Lewis–48 Christopher Pratt–42 Prince William Windsor, Duke of Cambridge–39 Edward Snowden–38 ; 1973 – In handing down the decision in Miller v. California 413 US 15, the Supreme Court of the United States establishes the Miller Test for obscenity in U.S. law (The test for determining whether speech or expression can be labeled obscene, in which case it is not protected by the First Amendment to the United States Constitution and can be prohibited). This is very difficult to prove and rarely goes to higher courts.

June 20

Happy Birthday RIP Errol Flynn(1909–1959) Martin Landau(1928–2017) Olympia Dukakis(1931–2021) ; Brett Halsey(Charles Hand)–88 Morna Anne Murray–76 Robert “Bob” Vila–75 Christina “Tina” Sinatra–73 Lionel Richie Jr–72 John Goodman–69 Nicole Kidman–54 Peter Paige–52 Joshua Lucas Maurer–50 Thomas Wlaschiha–48 ; 1840 – Samuel Morse receives the patent for the telegraph ; 1948 – “Toast of the Town”, later “The Ed Sullivan Show”, makes its television debut

June 19

Happy Birthday RIP “Moe Howard”(Moses Horwitz 1897–1975) Maxwell “Pat” Buttram(1915–1994) ; Virginia ”Gena” Rowlands–91 Jennifer Darling–75 Phylicia Ayers-Allen(“Rashad”)–73 Ann Wilson–71 Mary Kathleen Turner–67 Paula Abdul–59 Jean Dujardin–49 Zoë Saldaña Nazario–43 Benjamin Haggerty”(Macklemore”)–38 Aidan Turner–38 Paul Dano–37 ; 1934 – The Communications Act establishes the United States’ Federal Communications Commission (FCC) which governs all communication such as telecasting broadcasts and digital transmissions over the internet ; 2021 – President Joseph Biden signs a law creating “Juneteenth” as a national holiday two days prior which commemorates the end of slavery message delivered in 1865 two years after the emancipation proclamation by Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger in Galveston Texas

June 18

Happy Birthday RIP “E.G. Marshall”(Everett Grunz 1914–1998) Roger Ebert(1942–2013) ; James Paul McCartney–79 Carolyn Kane–69 Isabella Rossellini–69 Kimberly Dickens–56 Blake Shelton–45 David Giuntoli–41 Kevin Bishop–41 Richard Madden–35 Jacob Anderson–31 ; 1923 – Checker Taxi puts its first taxi on the streets of New York City ; 1948 – Columbia Records unveiled its new long-playing, 33 1/3 rpm phonograph record with the recording of the New York Philharmonic playing the Mendelssohn Violin Concerto

June 17

Happy Birthday RIP Ralph Bellamy(1904–1991) ; Barry Manilow(Pincus)–78 Joseph Piscopo–70 Mark Linn-Baker–67 Thomas Haden Church(McMillen)–61 Gregory Kinnear–58 Erin Murphy–57 Jason Patric Miller Jr.–55 Orville “Will” Forte IV–51 Scott Adkins–45 ; 1885 – The Statue of Liberty arrived in New York City aboard the French ship Isere.

June 16

Happy Birthday RIP Arthur Jefferson(“Stan Laurel” 1890–1965) Harold “Jack” Albertson(1907–1981) Tupac Shakur(1971–1996) ; Edward “Eddie” Levert–79 Joan Van Ark–78 Laurie Metcalf–66 Ian Buchanan–64 Clifton Collins Jr.–51 John Cho–49 Edward “Eddie” Cibrian–48 Daniel Brühl Domingo–43 ; 1812 – The City Bank of New York (later renamed Citibank) opened for business ; 1884 – The first purpose-built roller coaster, LaMarcus Adna Thompson’s “Switchback Railway”, opens in New York’s Coney Island amusement park ; 1903 Ford Motor company is incorporated ; 1960 – “Psycho,” directed by Alfred Hitchcock, premiered in New York City

June 15

Happy Birthday RIP Waylon Jennings(1937–2002) ; Jorge Ribe(Rivero)–83 Steve Walsh–70 Xi Jinpingi–68 James Belushi–67 Julie Hagerty–66 Eileen Davison–62 Helen Hunt–58 Courteney Cox-Arquette–57 Leah Remini–51 Neil Patrick Harris–48 James “Greg” Vaughan Jr–48 ; 1844 – Charles Goodyear receives a patent for vulcanization, a process to strengthen rubber ; 1916 – United States President Woodrow Wilson signs a bill incorporating the Boy Scouts of America, making them the only American youth organization with a federal charter ; 1934 – The United States Great Smoky Mountains National Park is founded

June 14

Happy Birthday RIP Burle Ives(1909–1995) Eugene Klass(“Gene Barry” 1919–2009); “Marla Gibbs”(Margaret Bradley)–90 “Eddie Mekka”(Edward Mekjian)–69 “Boy” George O’Dowd–60 Traylor Howard–55 Stefanie “Steffi” Graf–52 Daniel Newman–40 Kevin McHale–33 ; 1775 – The United States Army (the Continental Army is established by the Continental Congress) was founded ; 1789 – Whiskey distilled from maize is first produced by American clergyman the Rev Elijah Craig. It is named Bourbon because Rev Craig lived in Bourbon County, Kentucky

June 13

Happy Birthday RIP Mary Wickenhauser(1910–1995) Paul Lynde(1926–1982) Siegfried Fischbacher(1939–2021) ; Malcolm McDowell(Taylor)–78 John Stellan Skarsgård–70 Richard Thomas–70 Timothy Allen Dick–68 Alexandra “Ally” Sheedy–59 Stephen Glover(“Steve O”)–47 Christopher Evans–40 Ashley and Mary Kate Olsen–35 ; 1966 – the Supreme Court issued its landmark Miranda vs. Arizona decision, ruling that criminal suspects must be informed of their constitutional rights prior to questioning by police. This is more commonly known as “Miranda Rights”, the legal rights of an arrested person to have an attorney present before questioning and to refuse to answer questions at time of arrest

June 12

Happy Birthday RIP Ascher “Weegee” Fellig(1899–1968) Annelies “Anne” Frank(1929–1945) James “Jim” Nabors(1930–2017) ; David Thornton–68 Jenilee Harrison–63 John Scott Thompson–62 Frances O’Connor–54 Jason Mewes–47 Michael Muhney–46 David Franco–36 ; 1967 – The United States Supreme Court in Loving v. Virginia declares all U.S. state laws which prohibit interracial marriage to be unconstitutional ; 1978 – David Berkowitz, the “Son of Sam” killer in New York City, is sentenced to 365 years in prison for six killings ; 2016, Omar Mateen, a 29-year-old security guard, killed 49 people and wounded 53 others in a mass shooting inside Pulse, a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida